Lasik is the process of correcting eye disorders called refractive error by re-shaping the corneal layer with excimer laser.
It is the most widely practiced eyeglasses surgery in the world. The eye disorders we call refractive error consist of myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism. Thanks to Lasik, these disorders can be corrected.
How to do Lasik Eye Surgery
The cornea is a transparent layer located at the front of the eye. In Lasik surgery, a thin membrane called a flap is removed from the corneal layer and number correction is performed under this membrane with excimer laser.With Excimer laser, special fixes such as wavefront, which is known as Eagle Eye among the public, can be made.In classical Lasik surgery, flap removal is performed with a tool called microkeratoma in which small blades are present.However, the most advanced form of Lasik surgery today is the intralase or femto second technique, which we call knife-free lasik. In this technique, the flap is formed by laser without the use of microkeratom i.e. knife.Lasik surgery with Intralase has been perfected and has become much safer.
In Intralase lasik technique, the surgery consists of 2 stages: the first is the creation of a thin layer called flap with intralase or femto second laser, 2. si this is the process of removing the thin layer and correcting the number with excimer laser. These two laser procedures are completed in 30-40 seconds, but with the laser preparation of the eye, the patient spends about 10 minutes in the operating room. Lasik surgery is a painless surgery. The application is done by numbing the eye with anesthetic drops.
After Lasik 3-4 hours of watering, sinking, sensitivity is. It is recommended to rest on the day of the operation and to keep the eyes closed as long as possible.The next day you return to normal life. All daily activities can be done. However, 2 weeks in the sea,pool and women are asked not to make up for 1 Week.It is recommended to avoid aggressive sports for several weeks.
Who is Lasik Applied To
The lower limit for Lasik is 18, the upper limit is 65. It should be determined that the number has stopped in people who have passed the age of 18. The benchmark here is that there has not been more than half the number increase in the last 2 years.
People who apply for Lasik are given a detailed eye examination while evaluating their eligibility. Patients are evaluated in terms of overall eye health. Apart from refractive error, the presence of different eye diseases is investigated .For Lasik, the corneal layer should be appropriate in shape and thickness. For this reason, the cornea is examined with corneal topography and other detailed examinations.
The presence of eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma is an obstacle.Lasik is not recommended when there are signs of systemic diseases such as diabetes reflected in the eye, in some rheumatic and skin diseases, dry eye disease, corneal disease called keratoconus, and in cases such as thin cornea.
In fact, people who are suitable for lasik need glasses that are not another eye disease other than refractive error.
With Lasik, treatment can be done up to 8-9 in myopia. Hypermetroplarda up to 4-5 number, astigmatta up to 6 number can be corrected.
For higher numbers, intraocular lens (ICL) surgeries are recommended, with excellent results similar to LASIK.
Our country is very preferred for lasik especially by patients living in European countries. Technological equipment and experienced physicians as well as economic factors are the factors in this.